A Ugandan Foodie’s Guide to the Top 10 Ugandan Traditional Foods



Here are the top 10 Ugandan traditional foods you should try in Uganda. From the absolute basics to the more adventurous, this list has something for everyone.

A Ugandan Foodie's Guide to the Top 10 Ugandan Traditional Foods
A Ugandan Foodie’s Guide to the Top 10 Ugandan Traditional Foods.


Uganda has a diverse cultural and gastronomic heritage. Ugandan Traditional foods are particularly important to Ugandans, and most people eat them on a daily basis.

The recipes below are some of Uganda’s most traditional foods, ranging from Matooke (Plantains) to Ugali (maize flour dough), and a staple diet in most Ugandan households.

As Ugandan foodies, we have compiled a list of the top ten traditional foods that we think you will enjoy and that will make your mouth water.

Chicken Luwombo is a must-try Ugandan delicacy

Chicken Luwombo is a must-try Ugandan delicacy
Chicken Luwombo is a must-try Ugandan delicacy.


Many Ugandans like Chicken Luwombo, which is a Ugandan delicacy. If you wish to eat like a local while visiting this beautiful country, Chicken Luwombo is highly recommended.

Many Ugandans enjoy this unusual food on special occasions like weddings or Christmas, but you can eat it anytime, anywhere when visiting the nation.

What is it, exactly?

Luwombo is one of the major Ugandan traditional foods and is a sauce produced from banana leaves that has been lightly smoked over low heat to make it aromatic and pliable enough to retain food.

It is, in reality, a stew-making procedure that involves steaming. The most well-known meal is chicken luwombo, but there is also beef luwombo, ground nuts paste luwombo, beef in ground nuts paste luwombo, and entirely dry fish in ground nuts paste luwombo.


Millet Bread (Kalo)

Ugandan Traditional Foods-Millet Bread (Kalo). -
Millet Bread (Kalo).


In Northern, Eastern, and Western Uganda, millet bread, also known as “kalo” or “akaro,” is a staple food. Millet flour and cassava flour are blended in varied amounts and then swirled with hot water to make it.

The amounts in which the flours are combined will surely alter the taste, smell, and appearance of the recipe.

In certain societies, such as the Tooro kingdom in western Uganda, the dish is a must-have at traditional rites such as child identification, visitations, and marriage connection.

Sauces that can be paired with millet bread include groundnut source, beans, pork, veggie sauce, and mushroom sauce.

Malakwang (Ugandan Traditional Foods)

Malakwang (Ugandan Traditional Foods)
Malakwang (Ugandan Traditional Foods).


Malakwang is a delightful dish that can be found in northern cuisine restaurants and eating establishments, as well as in homes.

For northerners, this meal is a must-have for key events such as college graduations and numerous birthday parties.

Malakwang is a Northern Ugandan delicacy, and like many other greens, it was introduced to people’s meals as a last resort during droughts.

Malakwang has become a popular dish that can be obtained at any time in local restaurants and resorts. The dinner, which comprises of leafy greens and ground nuts, can be served with millet bread and wonderful potatoes, among other things.

Malewa (Smoked Bamboo Shoots)

Malewa (Smoked Bamboo Shoots)
Malewa (Smoked Bamboo Shoots).


Malewa is smoked bamboo stalk that has been dried for storage. Bamboo trees can be found in the wild near Mt. Elgon in the districts of Bududa, Sironko, and Mbale in eastern Uganda.

Malewa originates in the Bugisu sub-region of Eastern Uganda. It was first eaten as a food, and then it was blended with ground simsim (sesame seed) or peanuts and fried as a sauce.

Malewa is an important aspect of Bugisu rites, such as Mbalu (circumcision) and traditional weddings.

Malewa is cleaned by boiling it in water and then cutting off the joints of the shoot, allowing the central parts to be sliced into smaller pieces.

To make the boiling malewa more soft, rock salt is added. Finally, salt and peanut paste are added, and the sauce is cooked to taste. Matooke, cassava, sweet potatoes, rice, or Posho can be served with the malewa sauce.


Posho (Ugandan Traditional Foods)

Posho (Ugandan Traditional Foods)
Posho (Ugandan Traditional Foods).


This dish, known in Kenya as Ugali, in South Africa as Pap, and in Uganda as Kawunga or Posho, is one of those meals that sticks to your ribs and keeps you full for a long time.

Posho is a beautiful dish made with white maize flour and boiling water until it stiffens into a smooth dough.

The Ugandan way of praising your cuisine is to serve posho with any type of soup and beans. It enhances the flavor of your dish while also satisfying your hunger.

Posho is produced from a variety of flours, including millet and sorghum flours, and is sometimes combined with cassava flour.

It is cooked until it reaches a stiff or firm dough-like consistency in boiling water or milk in other societies.

The dish was one of a few foods included to the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2017.

Muchomo (Ugandan Traditional Foods)

Muchomo (Ugandan Traditional Foods)
Muchomo (Ugandan Traditional Foods).


This is what meat eaters refer to as “paradise.” Roasted meat has become a staple in Ugandan cuisine, and it can be found on the menus of high-end restaurants as well as on the streets of every town.

Muchomo is typically served with fresh salad or chips and has a wonderful and crispy flavor (fries).


It is a Ugandan delicacy that consists of a variety of meats, ranging from chicken to hog, goat, and occasionally cattle, and is derived from a Swahili phrase that means “baked meat.” It is a delightful way to splurge on a diet cheat day.

These beef chunks are typically fried on a stick and served with baked sweet plantains at roadside kiosks, markets, and restaurants.


Matooke (Ugandan Traditional Foods)

Matooke (Ugandan Traditional Foods) 
Matooke (Ugandan Traditional Foods).


Matoke, locally also known as matooke, amatooke in Buganda (Central Uganda), ekitookye in southwestern Uganda, ekitooke in western Uganda and kamatore in Lugisu (Eastern Uganda) is a starchy triploid banana cultivar originating from the African Great Lakes.

The plantain or fruit is harvested green, carefully peeled, and then cooked and often mashed or pounded into a meal.

The fruit is steam-cooked, and the mashed meal is considered a national dish in Uganda.

In Uganda’s Bantu languages, matoke refers to the medium-sized green fruits of a specific type of banana known as East African Highland bananas.

Cooking bananas have long been and continue to be a popular staple crop in Uganda’s Lake Victoria region.


Matooke Preparation


Matoke is peeled using a knife, wrapped in the plant’s leaves (or plastic bags), and placed over the banana stalks in a cooking pot (Swahili: sufuria).

The matoke is then steamed for a couple of hours over a charcoal or wood fire, with water poured into the bottom of the cooking pot many times.

The stalks in the bottom of the saucepan maintain the leaf-wrapped fruits above the boiling water level.

The matoke is white and fairly hard while raw; when cooked, it becomes soft and golden. It is then mashed and served on a new banana leaf while still wrapped in the leaves or bags.

Matooke is usually served with a vegetable-based, ground-peanut-based, or meat-based sauce (goat or beef)

In Uganda, matoke is also used to produce Katogo, a traditional breakfast dish. Katogo is generally prepared with peeled bananas, peanuts, or beef, however offal and goat meat are also popular.

Sukuma wiki (Ugandan Traditional Foods)

Sukuma wiki
Sukuma wiki.


Sukuma is a traditional East African dish made with collard greens, onions, and seasonings. It’s commonly served and consumed with ugali (made from maize flour).

Colewort is commonly described to as collard greens in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and other East African countries, where it is called sukuma in Swahili. It’s also commonly mistaken for kale.

The phrase “sukuma wiki” is directly translated as “push the week” or “stretch the week.” In this location, it’s a vegetable that’s usually affordable and available all year.

It is a staple dish in this area of the world, paired with Ugali or Posho.

Thinly sliced colewort is one of the major ingredients of Ugali (also known as sima, sembe, or posho), a corn flour cake from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya (East Africa).

In general, sukuma wiki is softly fried in oil until tender, and then seasoned with onions and salt. It can be served as a main course or as a side dish with any meat (fish, poultry, beef, and pork).


Ugandan Samosas

Ugandan Samosas
Ugandan Samosas.


In Uganda, samosas are a popular and extensively consumed food. They are a form of African “junk food” that can be bought from kiosks along almost any road. They are delicious, and they are simple to make.

Samosas can be made with or without meat. Beef is one of the most popular meats in the world. They are always a deliciously flavorful and seasoned mix of vegetables wrapped in a tiny piece of dough and baked till golden brown and crispy, whether they are vegan or not.


Ugandan Rolex

Ugandan Rolex
Ugandan Rolex.


In Uganda, Rolex is a popular street snack. The resemblance to the high-end watch brand is coincidental: in the past, purveyors selling this dish simply referred to it as “Rolled Eggs.”

Cooking eggs with cabbage, onion, tomato, and occasionally pepper, then wrapping them in chapati, is the basic principle.

When the words “Slid Eggs” rolled off their tongue, visitors felt they sounded more like “Rolex.” The (entertaining) myth got established over time.

To wrap things up


Conclusion: This article introduced you to a number of Ugandan traditional foods in addition to describing their taste and texture.

We also provided tips on preparing and cooking these foods. We hope you found our list useful! If you are planning to visit Uganda, make sure you try some of these local delicacies.

They may be new to you, but they have been enjoyed by Ugandans for many generations.

There are many local restaurants in Kampala and other towns where you can try these delicious dishes, but if you’re not able to get out and about, then you can always make them at home!



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A Ugandan Foodie's Guide to the Top 10 Ugandan Traditional Foods.

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